Cobar Shire is situated in the centre of New South Wales at the crossroads of the Barrier Highway and the Kidman Way and has excellent road, rail and air links to most of Australia's capital cities. With an area of 45,609 square kilometres, the Shire is approximately two-thirds the size of Tasmania.  It is home to approximately 4,647 people. The Shire's prosperity is built around the thriving mining - copper, lead, silver, zinc, gold - and pastoral industries, which are strongly supported by a wide range of attractions and activities, that make it a major tourist destination.

Cobar Shire Council are also a member of the Far North West Joint Organisation (FNWJO). The Far North West Joint Organisation comprises the three (3) Shire Councils of Bourke, Cobar and Walgett and was established in July 2019 by proclamation of the NSW Government.